With the price of college increasing, it seems unavoidable that students will have to borrow money to complete their education. Federal student loan repayment is something millions of graduates are dreading. So how do you actually go about repaying student loans after you’ve received your diplomas?
It’s not as difficult as you might think. Just follow these steps to set up your federal student loan repayment!
The Strategy Required for Repaying Student Loans – Federal
First, debt repayment depends (largely) on the kind of student loans you have: federal vs. private.
Step #1 – Choose Your Repayment Plan
The first step in starting your repayment is to actually choose your payment plan. If you haven’t spoken to your loan servicer about what plan is best for you (more on that later!) or didn’t choose a repayment plan already, you were probably opted-in to the Standard Repayment Plan. Take a look at Federal Student Aid’s overview of repayment plans to get an idea of what options are available to you.
But what if your repayment needs change? One of the great things about federal student aid is that you can actually change your repayment plan whenever you need. This can help ensure that you are able to make your payments while giving you control over how and when you pay.
Step #2 – Find Your Loan Servicer
The next step in repaying your student loans is to find your loan servicer. You won’t be writing a check to the government each month, you’ll actually be working with a financial institution who handles your loan. You can find your loan servicer through logging in to the FSA website – it’s that easy!
Why do you need to know your loan servicer? Since your loan servicer oversees your repayment, they are who you will contact if you need any assistance with your loans. This includes changing your repayment date or setting up automatic debits so that you never miss a payment. Plus it's best to actually know these things instead of it being some nebulous question in the back of your mind (getting answers to queries like that is #adulting folks.)
Step # 3 – Track Your Payments
The next step is to actually make your monthly payments. You should take an active role in your repayment schedule – set up a reminder on your phone, mark your payment date on a calendar, or set up automatic debits so that you don’t miss a payment.
You should also consider using a repayment tracker to help you visualize your progress. Download our FREE debt repayment tracker here!
Other Federal Student Loan Repayment Resources (by our editor, Lauren, for Student Loan Hero)
- American Education Services [AES] Information and Resources for Borrowers
- 3 Reasons Student Loan Debt Forgiveness Isn't a Magic Bullet for Debt
- Are you Eligible for a Pell Grant?
- What You Need to Know About that “Master Promissory Note” You Signed
The Strategy Required for Repaying Private Student Loans
Having large-but-necessary debt from a college education can make it hard to save money for other things: retirement, fun trips, home ownership, your kid's college…. the works.
Which is why in trying to bone up on my student loan resources on this site I wanted to highlight both people (read Lauren's friend Kayla's story on how she paid off $91k in student loans in under three years) and great options for those looking to reduce their loan debt.
We've covered this before, but debt is very expensive. Sometimes (as in the case with student loans,) it is unavoidable, but we should try to save money and grab the lowest interest rate where we can. Lower interest rates = less money spent on interest over the life of the loan.
Here's a little math for you:
Say you have $40,000 in student loans at 9.9% interest and ten years left on your repayment. By refinancing to a 7% interest rate, you lower your monthly payment by $100 and save over $13,000 in interest over the next ten years.
$13,000! Yes, that is a downpayment on a house.
There are two strategies for private loans:
- Refinancing (vs. debt management or debt consolidation) is often the best, easiest option.
- Getting aggressive with a debt plan, a la Lauren's $8k in 90 Day Challenge.
One Refinancing Option + Why You Should Choose Upstart
Very few platforms allow you to apply for refinancing such ease. Here's a handful of other reasons why I love this option:
- Borrow $1,000 to $50,000 at fixed rates from 4.66%
- Rates that consider education, work history, and earning potential to supplement your credit profile
- Get your rate in 2 minutes without affecting your credit score!
- No prepayment penalties or hidden fees (this is huge, you should be able to pay off your debt WHEN YOU WANT, WHENEVER YOU WANT! Insist on it!)
Upstart offers (to those who qualify) interest rates lower than many private lenders (Starting at 4.99%). Just make sure whichever route you go that you are getting a LOWER interest rate than what you had before, otherwise you won't be saving any money.
And then ask yourself, how much money are you leaving on the table by not researching potential refi options? Click here to explore your options with Upstart.
If you are still having trouble repaying your loans, talk to your loan servicer about the options available to you. It may be possible for you to defer your loan payments for a few months while you get on your feet. Another option is loan consolidation – combining the balances of your multiple student loans to one monthly payment. This will take some of the hassle out of getting multiple payments organized each month.
Other Private Student Loan Repayment Resources (by our editor, Lauren, for Student Loan Hero)
- Follow these ultra easy, frugal tips for one year to pay off student loans faster
- Do I have to pay my private student loans while I'm still in school?
- Where to go for personal help with your student loans
Have another tip on repaying student loans? Let us know in the comments!