What is a rainy day fund? Do I really need one?

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For most people saving money may seem like a low priority. Our brains are usually too tuned in to the instant gratification of spending, (uhm…me. This is me. I have this problem and it’s a lifelong struggle) but a big way to maintain financial security while battling the urge to spend is having a rainy day fund.

 

Wait a minute, I need an emergency fund and a rainy day fund? WTF. I thought I just needed an emergency fund.

 

That’s right, I said and. You shouldn’t just be sticking your savings away into one giant account…or worse, leaving it in your checking (as I've learned throughout my twenties.) So that's why today I'm going to do a deep dive into what a rainy day fund is,  how to use it, and how you can leverage the power of multiple savings accounts to live your financial best life.

 

Take the first step by opening up a high-yield savings account so you have a place to stash your savings that earns as much as it possibly can. I like to recommend CIT Bank (this is where I keep my savings, too!)  thanks to its higher-than-average interest rate (25x the national average) and no-fee structure. All it takes is $100 to open. Click here to learn more.

 

Savings account #1 – The Rainy Day Fund

 

 

 

What is a rainy day fund?

 

 

 

Rainy day fund is known by many names: f*ck off fund, as a regular ol' savings account, money under the mattress (seriously, don't do this) etc. but really these are fancy names for the true purpose of what a rainy day fund should do- it should serve as your short term savings.

Here are a few examples of when a rainy day fund could come in handy:

  • Maybe it’s a fun-filled weekend of “treat yo self” spending.
  • …or a higher-than-average utility bill that leaves you scrambling to make up the difference.
  • Saving up for something in the near future like a vacation or a new couch for your place.

How much money should you have in a rainy day fund?

 

It depends on the goal. If you need $3,000 for your next vacation, then that’s how much you should keep plus $1000.  If you’re looking to have a little fun money saved away for a shopping spree or to cover an unexpected vet bill for your doggo, I like to recommend at least $1,000 (although it can be less if your expenses are low.)

 

$1k can help keep you on track in the event of (most) emergencies.

Having a small rainy day fund set aside can give you peace of mind while you funnel the majority of your cash to debt payoff.  If you really work at it and be patient with yourself, it's pretty easy to get to $1,000 either by cutting back, finding money in your budget, or picking up a side hustle.

See also – how I saved up $1,000 in 45 days using apps.

 

 

Where should I keep my rainy day fund?

 

Here are a few ideas on where to keep your rainy day fund:

 

  • High yield savings account separate from your checking account.
  • You can link it as the overdraft bank account for your primary spending account, but if you are over drafting every month, obviously you have a larger spending problem and need to rethink your budget
  • A money saving app that automatically saves on your behalf (here are my favorites)

How do I save for a rainy day fund?

 

 

Rainy day funds are one of my favorite tools because they are typically filled by small goals you can hit fairly quickly if you are motivated. You can save the old fashioned way by paying yourself first, even a small amount like $25 automatically paid into the separate savings account each month. 

 

You can use cash windfalls, like birthday money or a work bonus. Or you can save here and there in small chunks. Here’s my tutorial on how I saved up $1,000 in 45 days just using the money I wasn’t expecting to receive.

 

More resources:

 

  • 12 money earning apps
  • How to find money when you need it
  • Ways to hustle your next $100 – $1,000
  • How to make money by selling things you don’t need

 

The TL: DR –  A rainy day fund can be anything; a cushion to help fill in the gaps in your budget or a place to save up for larger expenses. That being said you shouldn’t be relying on your money cushion to get you through every month. (If you are, it may be time to re-evaluate your budget!)

 

 

Looking for a FREE savings account? Check out the high-yield savings from CIT Bank with interest rates currently at 1.55% or 2.4% if you can commit to their new savings builder feature! Click here to learn more.
 

 

 

Savings Account #2 – The Emergency Fund

 

First, What Is An Emergency Fund?

 

Maybe it's best if I start by listing all the things your emergency fund isn't:

  • An emergency fund isn't the small cash “buffer” you have in your checking account so you don't overdraft.
  • An emergency fund isn't the separate account you have with money in it for your first home, your badass next vacation, or your bi-monthly contact lens order. (….just me?)
  • An emergency fund isn't the amount of credit you have on your credit card.

 

 

So that leaves us with what an emergency fund is – a separate savings account where you have enough money stashed away for true emergencies – car repair, loss of your job or income, and sickness. It's meant to be long term savings…meaning you don't touch it for a long time.

 

Money to get you through those tough times.

 

And trust, there are gonna be tough times. And I'd rather you have the money than hit the skids and wish you'd been saving all along.

 

How much money should you have in an emergency fund?

 

Experts recommend 6-9 months of expenses (i.e. what it would cost you to just keep the lights on and the fridge stocked in the event you were to lose your job and have to cut back to the bare bones.)

 

Do you know how much you spend each month on basic expenses? P.S. – The 50-30-20 budget is a great place to start when determining amounts to save!

 

If you don't, go and check your monthly budget or app (which you should have. If you don't, see this post for how to build an awesome budget and dig around to find out what your “bottom line” is.)

 

So whatever that number is, for example, if you're all in rent, utilities, car payment, groceries at $1,000…your goal emergency fund would be $6-9,000.

 

Or more, again, depending on your expenses. Folks with kids and mortgages will likely need to save a lot more. Either way, it's a lot of money. I know. 

 

But it's important because you just never know.

 

Why is having an emergency fund important?

 

Did you know…

  • 61% of Americans live paycheck to paycheck. 1 in 5 of those makes over $100,000 each year. (That's bananas!!)
  • 51% of Americans have less than one month’s worth of expenses saved up.
  • 38% feel ill-prepared to deal with even a minor emergency (those costing ~$500 or less.)

 

And if you're reading this site it means you want to get right with your money and be above average. You don't want to live paycheck-to-paycheck or not be able to cover a minor emergency, like spraining your ankle during your kickball league tournament or needing to put a stitch in your puppy's paw. 

 

It can be very difficult for millennials, who are starting careers and contending with student loans to get to a point where they can have that amount of cash just laying around, but an emergency fund (that you…ahem, don’t touch) is the KEY to breaking the paycheck-to-paycheck cycle.

 

Also, my favorite thing about emergency funds is that it’s a financial goal that once you hit your target, it’s done.

 

How often can you say that about saving money?

 

 

How do I save up an emergency fund?

 

 

You’ll need more money and more patience when saving up a true 6-9 month emergency fund. It's very hard to save up thousands of dollars in a matter of months or even within one calendar year.

  • Similar to how you approach a rainy day fund, figure out an amount you're comfortable putting into long term savings and then pay yourself first each month.  
  • If you do receive a windfall like a work bonus, split it in half. Put half in savings and spend the other half on what you'd like. 
  • It’s okay to start saving small – in fact, one of my favorite ways to start building your money cushion is to hack your budget.
  • I would put all other financial goals on hold while building up an emergency fund…meaning all money (except anything devoted to getting a 401k match at work), so any extra cash goes into the EF and you can meet your goals faster.

Once your emergency savings are “fully funded” you can move on to other financial goals. 

 

..And also sleep better at night knowing you're covered. 

 

 

 

But What If I'm in Debt? Shouldn't I Pay That Off First?

 

My short answer: build up your emergency fund, first. If you can’t do 6-9 months, try getting to three months and then tackle the debt.

 

Here's why:

 

Debt is super expensive, especially if you have a lot of it. The fact that it costs you so much money is why many recommend paying off debt as fast as you can, even to the detriment of your savings. The reason I argue for an emergency fund first, even before massive debt payoff, is because life is so unpredictable.

 

For example,  say you just finished paying off thousands of dollars in credit card debt – but then your car breaks down or you lose your job unexpectedly as soon as you made that last payment. The joy you felt at being debt free would be fleeting without your emergency and/or rainy fund.

 

 

The TL:DR: The only way to get off the hamster wheel of debt-payoff-debt is to have an e-fund.

 

Additional Ways to Save Up an Emergency Fund

 

There are a lot of ways to beef up your savings, but below I'm going to cover the basics…aka the low hanging fruit that anyone can go do both quickly and easily. 

 

Cut expenses

There are the obvious six things to cut from your budget (nights out, shopping alcohol, etc.) when paying off debt or saving up an emergency fund. But if you don't want to cut the “fun stuff” from your budget just yet, consider auditing your bills for monthly savings. 

The trick is, once you find the savings – i.e. shaving $80 off your cell phone bill each month – to then automate the amount saved into your savings account so you can fully realize the boost to your emergency fund. 

You can call and negotiate bills on your own, but you can also use companies like BillCutters to do the work for you. They'll negotiate lower payments on your behalf and only take a percentage of what they manage to save for you. Then take the extra and immediately put it toward my debt payoff goal each month. Click here to try it out!

 

 

Go for a raise at work

 

Increasing your income doesn't always mean you need to go out and get a side hustle (although it doesn't hurt!) Often, the biggest boosts to our income come from raises at a full-time job. It's important to time the ask right, and do your homework to prepare, but if successful, make sure to (Again) automate the difference between your old salary and the new to help out your savings. 

 

Check out this ultimate compilation of ways to ask for a raise from every personal finance outlet on the internet. [Her First $100k

 

Sell stuff

More low hanging fruit? Take a walk around your home/apartment and corral all the items you no longer use: electronics, clothes, home goods. If they are gently used and in good condition, you can sell these items for additional cash to boost your savings. One girlfriend made $1500 selling old iphones on Ebay, and I recently made $845 selling gently used designer clothes out of my closet. 

 

Consider this: Everything in your home used to be money. Why not take the time you save not shopping to earn extra from your old items as well. Click here to order a thredUP closet cleanout , or click here to learn more about consigning high-dollar designer items with TheRealReal.

 

 

Get a side gig

Building a side hustle business is hard work, and maybe more time and effort than you'd like to put in. But a side gig you can work straight from your smartphone? Easy-peasy. Here are just a handful of easy side gigs you can do (click here to read the full post):

 

 

With Instacart you can't go wrong. Since dinner time is one of the most popular delivery, hustlers can easily work a full-time job, then side hustle for a few hours in the evening to make extra cash.   Click here to sign up for the Instacart shopper program.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The (Final) TL: DR

 

  • You should have at least two savings accounts – one for long term saving and one for short term. 
  • An emergency fund is a separate saving account for the unexpected financial twists and turns; your emergency fund should have around 6-9 months of expenses – that means rent, utilities, and groceries. We're talking job loss, health problems, loss of home and/or auto. Once you save it, don’t touch unless you absolutely have to. You’ll never know when disaster can strike.
  • A rainy day fund is used for short term savings like larger expenses you’re planning to make and want to fund in full. Can also cover smaller, unexpected bills. Is not meant to be a replacement for an emergency fund.
  • Money cushion –  We didn't talk a lot about this, but you should also have a small cash buffer in your primary checking account to keep you out of overdraft, especially if you like to automate bill pay or only look at your checking account occasionally. 

 

There is also an amazing psychological component to emergency funds; they're incredibly empowering.

 

How would it feel to know that you could weather a storm or two (or five?)

 

 

When an actual emergency happens, it's nice to not have to worry about the financial side of things because you're likely dealing with the emotional.

 

Take the first step by opening up a high-yield savings account so you have a place to automate your savings to that isn't directly tied to your primary checking account. CIT Bank should be your only option (this is where I keep my savings, too!)  because of its higher-than-average interest rate (25x the national average) and no-fee structure. All it takes is $100 to open and you get rewarded for automatically saving each month. Click here to learn more about their Savings Builder program.

 

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What is a rainy day fund? Do I really need one?
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    Everyone needs to have a rainy day fund:D

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